Let’s talk about mathematics today. This is a short post but should help you use cardinal, ordinal and nominal numbers in Nepali. It isn’t that difficult, to be honest!

**CARDINAL NUMBERS**

Cardinal numbers are numbers denoting quantity, meaning you use them to count.

What are the Pope’s favourite numbers?

= Cardinal Numbers

They answer questions like ‘How many’?

You can read more about this in this **lesson**, because it is a bit tricky. You have to use these ‘counter’ words and stuff like that.

**NOMINAL NUMBERS**

Nominal numbers are numbers that are used for numerical identification only. For example:

गाडी नं ११ (*gadi na eghara*)

= Car no. 11

घर नं ५१२५ (*ghar na pach hajaar ek saya pachis*)

= House no. 5125

You can also say ’*ekauna pachis*’ which means ’**fifty-one twenty-five’** instead of saying ‘five thousand one hundred and twenty five’.

**ORDINAL NUMBERS**

Ordinal numbers show order. In other words, it is a number that defines a thing’s position in a series. In Nepali, there are different words to show order.

First = पहिलो (*pahilo*) / प्रथम (*pratham*)

Second = दोस्रो (*dosro*)

Third = तेस्रो (tesro)

Forth = चौथो(*chautho*)

Fifth = पाँचौं (*pachau*)

Sixth = छैटौं (*chaitau*)

Seventh = सातौं (*saatau*)

Eighth = आठौं (*aathau*)

Ninth = नवौं (*nawau*)

Tenth = दशौं (*dashau*)

After ten, you just add ‘औँ’ (*au*) after the number. Remove that trailing vowel from the number if the number ends with the sound of ‘a’ of ’**a**go’ before adding ’*au*’. For example,

Seventeen = सत्र (*satra*)

सत्र (*satra*) + औँ(*au*) = सत्रौँ (*satrau*) [NOT सत्रऔँ!!!]

Seventeenth = सत्रौँ (*satrau*)

How about with numbers like ‘sixty’ (sathi)? Well, we simply add ‘au’ then.

So,

**Sixteith **= *sathi`au *(साठ्ठीऔँ)

ऊ **प्रथम **भयो (*u pratham bhayo*)

= He became **first**.

म चै **दोस्रो **भएँ (*ma chai dosro bhaye*)

= I became **second**…

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Since this lesson is intended to be short, I won’t be including Exercises because…it is quite unnecessary, don’t you think? 😉 …………………… Okay fine, I am just lazy…but there isn’t much to write on it!